Explore the City of York from its Celtic origins down through time to the present day.
Discover the cultures and peoples who created the city shaped the streets and the buildings that make the city you see today.
History surrounds you as you walk the city streets and you can feel the history embrace you be it walking beside the river Ouse or along the Roman walls that once protected the city of Eboracum from the rebel Celtic Northern tribes of Britain.
Eboracum was built on a what was a Celtic settlement between the rivers Foss and Ouse in AD 71.
Eboracum became a main fortress established by the ninth legion it was the powerbase from which the legions would strike out against the rebel Celtic tribes in the North and Scotland.
Eboracum remained a powerful frontier fortress and as such it would be made a capital in 197 AD of Upper Britain by Caracella a colonia was the highest of honours that could be awarded to a Roman city,
Greater power was delivered on the city when in 208 A.D. Septimus Severus the Roman Emperor made the city his home city after years of civil unrest in the Empire he travelled to Britain to secure the Roman empires frontiers against the attacks waged by the Scottish and Northern Celtic rebel tribes in the North.
Where ever the Emperor resided the Empire was governed from and so it became the heart of the empire from 208 until 211 A.D
Born in Libya, Africa he was known as the African emperor he arrived with his wife Julia Domna and their sons Caracella co emperor since 198 A.D. and Geta family the full civil service of office and a huge retinue of soldiers and the elite Praetorian guard.
Septimus Severus passed away in York on Feb 2nd 211 A.D
Eboracum would again see the Emperor within the city walls when Constantius led the Roman legions back into Britain to confront the Rebel British Emperor Carausius in 296 A.D.
He secured the Western frontier of the empire being the junior Caesar to Maximian emperor in the West.
He was made Augustus full emperor aged 33 on May 1st 305 A.D. when Diocletian retired in the East as Emperor forcing Maximian in the West to also retire handing the Augustus title to Constantius.
Constantius had sent for his son to campaign beside him in Britain and both enjoyed victories against the Picts in battle securing the empires frontiers in Norther Britain.
When Constantius passed away in York in JULY 306 A.D. his son Constantine who was a junior Ceasar was elected Emperor by the Legions of Constantius in the city of York Roman Eboracum .
Today his statue can be seen before York Minster looking outwards over the area he was crowned Emperor of Rome by the legions of Constantius and Crocus the king of the Germanic Alemanni who fought beside the legions as allies.
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