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Explore the City of York from its Celtic origins down through time to the present day.
Discover the cultures and peoples who created the city shaped the streets and the buildings that make the city you see today.
History surrounds you as you walk the city streets and you can feel the history embrace you be it walking beside the river Ouse or along the Roman walls that once protected the city of Eboracum from the rebel Celtic Northern tribes of Britain.
Eboracum was built on a what was a Celtic settlement between the rivers Foss and Ouse in AD 71.
Eboracum became a main fortress established by the ninth legion it was the powerbase from which the legions would strike out against the rebel Celtic tribes in the North and Scotland.
Eboracum remained a powerful frontier fortress and as such it would be made a capital in 197 AD of Upper Britain by Caracella a colonia was the highest of honours that could be awarded to a Roman city,
Greater power was delivered on the city when in 208 A.D. Septimus Severus the Roman Emperor made the city his home city after years of civil unrest in the Empire he travelled to Britain to secure the Roman empires frontiers against the attacks waged by the Scottish and Northern Celtic rebel tribes in the North.
Where ever the Emperor resided the Empire was governed from and so it became the heart of the empire from 208 until 211 A.D
Born in Libya, Africa he was known as the African emperor he arrived with his wife Julia Domna and their sons Caracella co emperor since 198 A.D. and Geta family the full civil service of office and a huge retinue of soldiers and the elite Praetorian guard.
Septimus Severus passed away in York on Feb 2nd 211 A.D
Eboracum would again see the Emperor within the city walls when Constantius led the Roman legions back into Britain to confront the Rebel British Emperor Carausius in 296 A.D.
He secured the Western frontier of the empire being the junior Caesar to Maximian emperor in the West.
He was made Augustus full emperor aged 33 on May 1st 305 A.D. when Diocletian retired in the East as Emperor forcing Maximian in the West to also retire handing the Augustus title to Constantius.
Constantius had sent for his son to campaign beside him in Britain and both enjoyed victories against the Picts in battle securing the empires frontiers in Norther Britain.
When Constantius passed away in York in JULY 306 A.D. his son Constantine who was a junior Ceasar was elected Emperor by the Legions of Constantius in the city of York Roman Eboracum .
Today his statue can be seen before York Minster looking outwards over the area he was crowned Emperor of Rome by the legions of Constantius and Crocus the king of the Germanic Alemanni who fought beside the legions as allies.
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Explore the Atlantis legend from its beginning and see its long journey through time and history that saw its ancient origins in Libya and its transmission through generations carried to other lands the people of Libya were forced to migrate such as Egypt via the mother deity Neith who was the creator deity of the ancient world.
Atlantis was among the legendary myths carried by the Libyan peoples and the varied creation myths and legends were oracular before being recorded by the sacred priests and priestesses of the sacred temple of Neith in Sais Egypt.
It was these creation myths and legends that contained historical memories of a lost culture and world that were recorded and retained in the library archives of Sais.
Solon the lawgiver of Athens travelled the world looking for a blueprint to a perfect state he considered Athens to be capable if it was brave enough to make the reforms to become a better city state.
He stayed in Sais and studied and listened to the sacred priests and priestesses on hearing the tale of Atlantis he was left in shock it was a tale of a lost world one in which Atlantis was the leading power this culture ruled over several islands but also over varied lands on the coastlines of the Mediterranean world.
Athens was like the rest of that worlds city states and peoples subject to the power of the seafaring empire that ruled the ancient high seas and trade routes.
It was this tale that Solon returned back to Athens several years later and one he kept close using references in brief political speeches in Athens and his political poems promoting the Greek world.
He had left the main work he penned on the legend of Atlantis within the family and we he passes away the varied poems and works were retained within the family.
Solon was an ancestor of Plato and it was through the family that the works were retained and eventually came to be known to Plato.
He was to study the tales and works and then rewrite in his own style the Atlantis we see today the Atlantis of Plato penned in his work Timaeus and Critias.
Both versions had preserved and enhanced the Atlantis legend yet they also had to retain the truth held within the tales it is these truths that have inspired and influenced thousands and thousands of people over many generations and today still captures the imagination of new generations.
History and Archaeology owes a great debt to those who recorded the oracular tales and captured on clay tablets and later writing canvasses the lost world and culture of Atlantis.
It presented a mystery a puzzle that needed to be investigated and it would be reanimated by the future discoveries of Arthur Evans on Crete and Spyridon Marinatos on Santorini.
Varied new sites had been discovered on Crete they had all led to greater interest in the past and Archaeology and History.
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Discover the figures behind the Atlantis legend