Explore the city of York from its Celtic origins to Roman fortress city built by the Ninth legion and named Eboracum it became the Roman powerbase in the North for the legions defending Roman Britain from the rebel Celtic warriors of the Brigantes and Parisi and for campaigns deep into Scotland.
Home city for emperors such as Severus who died in York in 211 A.D. and Constantine the Great who was elected emperor of the Roman empire in Eboracum by his loyal legions on the death of his father Constantius in July 306 A.D.
In Anglo Saxon times the city was renamed Eforwic it became a powerful royal centre and city under Edwin the English king of vast tracks of England and Britain.
He was crowned king in Eforwic in 616 A.D. and Later Baptized in 627 A.D.in St Peters church by bishop Paulinus sent originally as an envoy of the pope from Rome to convert the people of Anglo- Saxon England to Christianity.
Eforwic was settled by Viking settlers who arrived with the leaders Halfdan and Guthrum the city was renamed by them Jorvik.
Varied Scandinavian leaders ruled Jorvik it was however still sorrounded by Anglo – Saxon held kingdoms within the five boroughs that made up England at that time.
The last Viking king of Jorvik was Eric Bloodaxe in 954 A.D. he was defeated by the forces of the Anglo- Saxon King of England Eadred in the battle of Stainmore.
Eforwic was from that time onwards an Anglo-Saxon settlement with a strong Danish population and influence that saw the city in the future drawn into the powerful battles for power and control in England between the competing leading elites of the kingdom.
York remained a vital city and powerbase and under the Angevin kings it saw a new golden age with the varied kings making York their headquarters it also saw the government and treasury residing in York in 1296 until 1304 A.D under Edward the first making York his capital city.
Edward the third was married in York Minster to his queen Philippa of Hainault on the 24 th of January 1328 A.D.
Their son William of Hatfield who died as a boy was laid to rest in York Minster a connection that remains a powerful reminder for visitors of the special relationship his parents held with York and the people forged by their time living in the city of York.
Today the city reflects its rich diverse history within its streets and many buildings all produced over the varied time periods a living city of history one that you get a feel for by just walking through its varied tight winding streets admiring the architecture of the buildings its cathedral and the ruins of the abbey beside the Yorkshire museum that looks out over the river Ouse.
Walking the city walls you get a fantastic view of the city from above ground level on a sunny day its great way to see the city.
With its Castle museum and the Jorvik viking museum to visit along with the Railway Museum there is plenty to see and do whatever the weather in York.
River cruises and ghost bus tours not to mention history walks in the day and the varied ghost walking tours in the evening also offer a unique look at the past history of the city.
Theatres and Cinemas in the city along with the varied bars and restaurants are also covered in the guide CITY LIFE YORK.
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