HALIDON HILL 1333 REBELLION AND SUCCESSION BOOK VIDEO

Edward the third was crowned king of England in 1327 A.D. aged just 14.

Still then a minor Roger Mortimer and his mother Isabella the She Wolf of France were joint regents of England.

Edward III , Roger Mortimer and Isabella along with Henry Duke of Lancaster with Philip of Hainault and his mercenaries invaded England and deposed by force Edward the second who was imprisoned in Kenilworth Castle in Jan 1327 A.D. and later transferred to Berkeley Castle but his hated favourites the Despensers were brutally executed in public for treason.

Edward III and Roger Mortimer jointly led the English forces that undertook the disastrous Wearside Campaign in 1327 A.D. against the Scottish forces under James Douglas and the Earls of Mar and Moray representing King Robert the Bruce of Scotland.

Unable to locate the Scottish forces and bring them to open battle the campaign became a series of hit and run skirmishes a game of cat and mouse between the two opposing bitter rivals.

In the treaty of Northampton signed in 1328 A.D. between the Scottish and English independence was granted to Scotland under King Robert the Bruce.

Edward the third was crestfallen by the Wearside campaign and the treaty of Northampton which was known in England as the shameful peace after the alleged cost of the Wearside campaign was circa £70,000 pounds.

Add to this the death and destruction delivered by the Scottish forces under Robert the Bruce over several years of raids into the North of England and along the borderlands of both kingdoms by his forces.

When Robert the Bruce passed away in 1329 A.D. it led to a disputed succession with varied candidates fighting to replace Robert the Bruce as king and inherit the kingdom of Scotland.

Edward the third was however bound by the treaty of Northampton and could not interfere directly in Scottish affairs.

When the disinherited lords fought behind their chosen candidate against the Bruce regimes candidates the Scottish war of Independence took another turn with the Disinherited winning the battle of Dupplin Moor against larger force led by the Bruce regime.

Edward Baliol was crowned king of Scotland at Scone and he swore fealty to Edward the third as his overlord however his reign was short lived he was forced to flee Scotland for his life after an uprising.

Edward the third decided to support Baliol’s bid to regain his kingdom and Baliol recruited a new Anglo – Scottish army to regain his lost crown his force set off from Carlisle heading to lay siege to Berwick.

In response the Scottish countered with a raid deep into Northumberland a move that played into Edward the thirds hands he sent letters to the Pope and the King of France Philip VI pointing out that the Scottish under Archibald Douglas  had broken the peace treaty of Northampton raiding with a force of circa 4000 men and leaving a trail of slaughter and devastation behind them.

With these raids they had openly broken the peace treaty signed by Robert the Bruce and Edward III sent out letters and writs calling for all his vassals to muster at Newcastle in May 1333 A.D. and prepare for the invasion of Scotland.

What followed was the bloody violent siege of Berwick and the battle of Halidon Hill in 1333 A.D.  one of the major battles of the Scottish wars of Independence that saw the kingdom of Scotland in turmoil with varied candidates fighting  each other to succeed Robert the Bruce and seize power and control in Scotland.

 

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SOLDIERS OF APOLLO

Apollo is the most Greek of the deities an Eastern deity in origin his influence on the Greek world and world culture lies within the universal appeal of his ancient connections with cultures around the ancient Mediterranean world seen in the varied temples built and dedicated to the Sun god.

His guidance over the Greek speaking world was issued via the oracles by his sacred high priestesses from his many oracle sites and temples most famously Delphi on the high slopes of mount Parnassos…

Explore all the soldiers of Apollo who with pen or swords shaped the world we know today Kings, Princes, Emperors, Philosophers, Generals, Lawmakers, Statesman, Poets, Writers and Scholars all inspired and influenced by the god of light justice music and philosophy.

Apollo is revealed through his followers over 24 books within the study of his greatest power his connection with and guidance over his followers the Soldiers Of Apollo.

To read a sample of the book click on the link beneath book available in E-book and Printed format via Amazon- Kindle platforms…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SICANIA RISING FREE E BOOK JUNE 19, 20 AND 21ST

Sicania Rising is set in the Bronze age world and follows the battle for power over the ancient sea trade routes from East to West controlled by the Phaecians allied fleets.

They sailed from their main bases on Crete, Thera and varied powerbases established around the Mediterranean world such as Aegina, Asine and other safe harbours on the sea trade routes and islands 

Rival fleets  battled each other for control over the high seas the Teresh , Melian and Sicanians along with the Shardana all fought for control over Sicania the burning island and its prime geographical  position that attracted settlers and mercenaries from around the ancient worlds city states.

Sail beside the Phaecian sea captains into the unknown water around Sicania the burning islands battle rival fleets on sea and follow the struggles on land between the rivals all looking to rule and control the burning island of Sicania and the sea trade routes of the Mediterranean world.

                    CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW FOR FURTHER DETAILS 

TOUR OF SICILY FREE E BOOK OFFER FROM JUNE 26TH UNTIL THE 28TH

A friendly travel guide to the burning island of Sicily my own visits followed my own interest in Italy and Sicily and having visited the mainland with my daughter the next Italian destination was Sicily.

My first visit was solo but the friendly fellow tourists and the locals in my chosen resort Giardini Naxos saw me return with my daughter in the following years.

Travelling back to the island since solo the book was my thank you to the people and the island of Sicily the cultures and the influence by the settlers from varied other lands that shaped the unique history of the burning island of Sicily.

If it encourages others to make the same journey so many in history have made it will be a success.

Today we are in unchartered times and its in such times we all reflect on our own lives. Life is not a dress rehearsal never have any regrets because none of us are in control of our fate.

Set in a prime location on the sea trade routes that connected the ancient worlds leading cultures and sea powers Sicily became a much sought after land the burning islands as they were known attracted settler from around the ancient world all looking to establish trading stations alliances or to take the island by force in many cases.

Each new wave of settlers helped to shape the islands culture cities and towns with each adding a new mix of ideas and thinking seen in the varied architecture to be seen around the island.

In the book varied cities and towns are explored and the rich history of the past settlers from ancient times to the present day are covered in what is a visitors TOUR OF SICILY.

For free E-Book offer click on the link below offer active June 26th – 27th & 28TH

PAIAWON APOLLO THE SUN GOD 2017 EDITION FREE EBOOK FEB 21st & 22nd.

Follow the long  journey from East to West of the Sun God Paiawon- Apollo.

From the ancient Sumerian and Mesopotamian worlds varied kingdoms the deity was adopted and known by different names by the peoples of the ancient world when the powerful leading cultures first exported their influence around the world.

In the Hurrian world the deity was a major figure with sacred sites established to the deity in Urkesh.

He was Aplu, a deity of life and death representing the power of the Sun deity over the world his followers lived within.

Establishing the archer deity and sun god in Syria the Hurrians would by their contact with the Hatti peoples export the deity into Anatolian lands, where the Sun deity became a powerful figure with his influence venerated by followers around the ancient worlds leading cultures.

In Ugarit the deity was the Archer and sun god Reshep and associated with the deity of the underworld and war Nergal.

Ugarit was an important trade hub port it was a gateway for the leading civilizations who would all be able to export and import goods via the high seas from East to West via the land and sea trade routes that Ugarit connected via its location on the Mediterranean coast.

Minoan fleets and other sea based powers operating in the Mediterranean seas in the bronze age world all called at Ugarit and Cyprus before travelling onwards along the Anatolian coastline.

From ancient Anatolia the Sun deity was exported to the Greek islands when settlers via the high seas landed on the varied islands such as Cyprus, Rhodes, Thera and the island of Crete.

The Minoan civilization embraced the Sun deity Paiawon the Master of Animals in the shape of the youthful consort and deity associated with the powerful Mistress of Animals deity in the Minoan world.

Sacred twin deities they formed a part of the Minoan cult religions that saw mountain peak sites dedicated to the sacred twin deities around the Mountainous island of Crete.

Sacred islands such as Delos and Letoai  modern day Paximadia off the Southern coastline of Crete attest the deities spreading influence over the ancient world from East to West.

From Minoan Crete the deity made the journey to the mainland and was established at Delphi where the ancient site was already sacred to the mother earth deity.Gaia.

Paiawon – Apollo the Cretan deity was adopted by the people at Delphi as the influence of new settlers beliefs from the Minoan world and culture of Crete fused with the mainland cultures resulting in Paiawon – Apollo being associated with the oracle site of Delphi already sacred to the mother earth deity Gaia.

Apollo retained the influence of the oracle site in the form of the sacred priestess of the site the Pythia whose sacred oracles were the result of her connection with the deity Apollo.

Who whilst in a trance like state induced by the vapours that rose from the fault lines that run directly beneath the sacred temple site of Apollo.

People came form around the ancient world to seek an audience with Apollo the deity of truth, light and justice.

His sacred oracles shaped the ancient world and history by guiding the elites and kings of city sates and lands.

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CITY LIFE YORK FREE E-BOOK AUGUST 7TH AND 8TH

Discover the city of York in a guide written for visitors by a visitor to the city.City life York explores the history of the city and its origins and follows the journey forward in time to the city of York today. York Minster and the Shambles along with the varied museums are covered along with the rich Roman, Viking, Saxon and later time periods of the city forged by the varied settlers and native populations of York since its early days as a Celtic farming settlement between the rivers Fosse and Ouse. Home once to Roman emperors Severus and Constantine who was crowned emperor in the Roman city of Ebroracum modern day York.

Later Edwin one of the first powerful English kings was baptized in the Anglo- Saxon city of Eforwic by Paulinus in 627 A.D.in a wooden church called St Peters, beside what would later become York Minster.

Later Viking Jorvik was ruled by varied Kings such as Raegnald, who was the first Norse King of Jorvik IN 919 A.D.

York continued to be at the centre of Anglo- Norman England and later Angevin England. With the elites of both time periods connected with the city of York that saw King Edward III married to Philippa of Hainault in York Minster on Jan 24th 1328 A.D.

Explore the rich history of the city of York available in EBOOK and Written formats via Amazon Kindle

FREE EBOOK VIA  AMAZON KINDLE AUGUST 7TH AND 8TH 

 

HALIDON HILL 1333 REBELLION AND SUCCESSION NEW RELEASE OUT NOW IN PAPERBACK AND EBOOK VERSIONS

Halidon Hill was A major battle of the Scottish war of independence in 1333 A.D. and it was the first battle of England’s greatest warrior king and tactician Edward III.

Edward III reigned for fifty years restoring order and stability along with peoples faith in the crown and kingdom of England after the chaos under his fathers reign that delivered rebellion and civil war in England plus border raids in the North and war with Scotland.

Robert the Bruce inflicted a crushing defeat on his rival Edward II and England In the battle of Bannockburn in 1314 A.D. which gave Scotland momentum in the quest for Scottish independence which was achieved in 1328 A.D.

Edward III in 1330 A.D. threw off the control of his regents Roger Mortimer and Isabella the she wolf is Mother and vowed to restore order in the North and borders by reducing the power and threat of the Bruce regime in Scotland.

He first backed the disinherited lords and Edward Baliol in his quest to be crowned King of Scotland.

It was first Dupplin Moor in 1332 A.D. and later Halidon Hill in 1333 A.D. that provided the English army and Edward III with a blueprint for their future battles and campaigns in France from 1337 A.D. known today as the hundred years war.

Edward III claimed the French throne against Philip VI from the cadet Valois family in France and he pushed his own claim being a closer direct blood relative to the last Capetian king of France Charles IV via his mother Isabella the she wolf of France.

Explore the history and build up towards the battle of Halidon Hill IN 1333 A.D. and to the period after Halidon Hill that saw the beginning of the the hundred year war with France.

Complex Anglo- Norman politics and relations influenced and created opportunities for the ambitious barons and elites in both Scotland and England many held lands in both kingdoms whilst others controlled lands in the Welsh Borderlands and Ireland further complicating the politics and the alliances forged by all.

FOR THE E BOOK CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW RELEASED DEC 15TH  2019 THE PAPERBACK VERSION IS ALSO AVAILABLE RELEASED DEC 18TH 2019