The relation between Egypt and Mitanni – in the time of Akhenaten

Hurrian culture and religion remains shrouded within time but Hurrian peoples influence on the world is seen around the near East and beyond in the varied cultures they traded with and saw as allies or rivals in the ancient world.

Cradle of Civilization

In the 33rd year of his reign, while he was in the Armenian Highlands in 1446 BC, Thutmose III of Egypt, referred to the people of Ermenen (Armenians), and says in their land “heaven rests upon its four pillars”. Under the reign of Tuthmosis IV, friendly relations were established between the Egyptians and the Mitanni. The daughter of King Artatama was married to Tuthmosis IV.

Thus, Artatama may have been the father of Queen Mutemwiya and the maternal grandfather of Amenhotep III (Hellenized as Amenophis III; Egyptian Amāna-Ḥātpa; meaning Amun is Satisfied), also known as Amenhotep the Magnificent, the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty.

According to different authors, he ruled Egypt from June 1386 to 1349 BC or June 1388 BC to December 1351 BC/1350 BC after his father Thutmose IV died. Amenhotep III was the son of Thutmose by a minor wife Mutemwiya.

His reign was a period of…

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